It’s All About You
If you’re not ready to have a baby, you should be using some method of birth control. It’s as simple as that. Take a look at the chart below to see which products and methods are available, and be honest with yourself about what best fits you and your lifestyle.
|Type of Birth Control||How They Work||Product||Do I Need a Health Care Provider?||Effectiveness|
|Hormonal||The Implant, the Depo-Provera shot, birth control pills, the patch, and vaginal rings all work in much the same way. They contain hormones that prevent ovulation, or the release of an egg from the ovaries. They also thicken the cervical mucus, which blocks sperm from entering the uterus.||
|Barrier||Barrier contraception keeps the sperm from reaching the egg, immobilizes the sperm, or both.||
||Only for IUDs, diaphragms, and cervical caps. All other barrier methods are readily available over the counter at pharmacies.||
|Natural||If you have had a baby in the last six months, are breastfeeding around the clock, and have not started having periods again, chances are you are not ovulating.
Fertility awareness requires a calendar and thermometer to track ovulation.